BOVINE MAMMARY ANATOMY: a lifecycle view

m2-magazine-image1_bovine-mammary-anatomyIn order to understand the milk production process and mammary disease, it is important to have an appreciation of the organ that makes milk, the udder. This article is focused on bovine mammary anatomy. Embryonic and fetal stages of mammary growth and development will be covered first, ending with involution. Lastly, anatomical features that may contribute to increased mammary disease risk will be discussed.