Milk quality and mastitis control in hand milking herds in Africa

This article discusses mastitis control and quality milk production by smallholders in Zimbabwe and Mozambique as examples of production in developing African countries. Zimbabwe, with a population of 13 million people, has 20,000 dairy cows and there is a well established dairy industry while Mozambique is just introducing dairy farming and there are 3,000 milking cows for a population of 24 million people. In Zimbabwe, smallholders tend to have five or more cows; in Mozambique they can have one or two. The focus of this article is on smallholders who are hand milking and producing milk in areas where there is no electricity
and often no running water.