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Research Phd Theses

Biomarkers for bovine mammary gland involution and disease

At dry off, the mammary gland of the early dry cow undergoes a multitude of morphologic, immunologic, metabolic, and biochemical alterations known as mammary gland involution. During involution, the mammary gland is vulnerable to bacterial infection, particularly if milk leakage occurs. Increased risk of milk leakage and infection are associated with high milk production at dry off. Therefore, as advances in dairy cow management and fertility continue to increase milk production- more cows will be at risk for infection during early mammary involution. However, much remains unknown about optimizing mammary involution.

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